How to tell the difference between alpaca and mohair


2022-04-25 10:21

In recent years, people seem to like the original animal hair more and more. Cashmere, alpaca and mohair are all animal hairs like ordinary wool, that is, they belong to natural protein fibers. However, due to the scarcity of animals producing these fibers, these special The price of animal fiber is relatively high, especially cashmere, which has the reputation of "soft gold" and "fiber diamond". Different from wool, the surface scale thickness of special animal fiber is thinner than that of ordinary wool, and the density of the scales covering the hair shaft is smaller than that of wool, which results in a different feel of special animal fiber and wool: special animal fiber feels smooth, while wool is relatively smooth. Feels rather rough. It is precisely because of the "same" and "difference" between special animal fibers and wool that it is impossible to distinguish special animal fibers from wool by ordinary combustion methods and chemical dissolution methods. Only professionals can identify them with the help of a microscope.

Cashmere comes from the bottom fine hair of goats, which grow on alpine grasslands, such as Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Liaoning and other places in China. my country is the world's largest producer of cashmere, with cashmere production accounting for more than 1/2 of the world's total output, of which Inner Mongolia's cashmere is the top grade. Cashmere fibers are characterized by being thin and soft. Its fabric is soft, smooth and waxy, and has a soft luster. Compared with wool fabrics of the same thickness, it is much lighter in weight and mostly in suede style. Generally speaking, light-colored cashmere coats are mostly derived from white velvet and have better quality; while dark-colored cashmere coats are mostly derived from purple velvet or green velvet, which is of lower quality.

Alpaca hair comes from an animal called "Alpaca" (also known as "Albaca"), which grows mainly in the Andes Mountains of Peru. The Andes Mountains are 4,500 meters above sea level, and the temperature difference between day and night is extremely large, -20 to -18 ℃ at night, and 15 to 18 ℃ during the day, with strong sunlight radiation, thin atmosphere, and cold winds. Alpacas living in such a harsh environment, of course, their hair can withstand extreme temperature changes. Not only is alpaca wool moisturizing, it is also effective against solar radiation, and the alpaca fiber contains a medullary cavity that can be seen under a microscope, so its thermal properties are better than wool, cashmere and mohair.

In addition, alpaca fiber has more than 17 kinds of natural colors: from white to black, and a series of different shades of brown and gray, it is the fiber with the richest natural color among special animal fibers. The "Albaka" we see in the market refers to alpaca wool; while "Suli" refers to a kind of alpaca wool and mostly refers to adult alpaca wool, with long fibers and beautiful color; often said The "Babe" is the wool of alpaca cubs, with relatively finer and softer fibers. Alpaca fabric feels slippery and provides excellent warmth.

Mohair refers to Angora goat hair, which is mainly produced in South Africa. It is characterized by thick fibers, small curls and good luster. The mohair fabric feels smooth and firm, and the woolen surface is full of luster. Mohair and alpaca fabrics are mostly short-sleeve styles.

relevant information